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Educational Resources

On this page you will find links to resources that can be utilized by educators. Additional information can be found on subpages which can be accesses in the left or via the menu.

Table of Contents

Guidelines for Teaching About the Holocaust

Introduction to the Holocaust

Topics to Teach

Anne Frank

Online Resources

Guidelines for Teaching About the Holocaust

 

Print version - Web version

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Introduction to the Holocaust

What is the Holocaust?

Roles in the Holocaust

Glossary of Common Terms

Chronology

Badges in the Holocaust

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An Overview of the Holocaust: Topics to Teach

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum has identified topic areas for you to consider while planning a course of study on the Holocaust. We recommend that you introduce your students to these topics even if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust. An introduction to the topic areas is essential for providing students with a sense of the breadth of the history of the Holocaust.

1933-1939
Dictatorship under the Third Reich
Early Stages of Persecution
The First Concentration Camps

1939-1945
World War II in Europe
Murder of the Disabled (Euthanasia Program)
Persecution and Murder of Jews
Ghettos
Mobile Killing Squads (Einsatzgruppen)
Expansion of the Concentration Camp System
Killing Centers
Additional Victims of Nazi Persecution
Jewish Resistance and Non-Jewish Resistance
Rescue
United States
Death Marches
Liberation

POST-1945
Postwar Trials
Displaced Persons Camps and Emigration

In addition to these core topic areas, we recommend that, in your courses, you provide context for the events of the Holocaust by including information about antisemitismJewish life in Europe before the Holocaust, the aftermath of World War I, and the Nazi rise to power.

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Anne Frank

Anne Frank: A Timeline

The Secret Annex Online

Who's Who?: The People in the Annex, their Helpers, and others

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Online Resources

Animated Maps

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Primary Sources

  • Artifacts, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
  • Documents, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

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Encyclopedic

  • The Holocaust: A Learning Site for Students, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Organized by theme, this site uses text, historical photographs, maps, images of artifacts, and audio clips to provide an overview of the Holocaust. It is the first step in a growing resource for middle and secondary level students and teachers, with content that reflects the history as it is presented in the Museum’s Permanent Exhibition, The Holocaust.

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First Person Testimonies

  • Learning Voices of the Holocuast, British Library. An online library of oral history testimonies created from interviews with survivors living in Britain. Provides a teacher's guide with materials for classroom activities. Also presents background on various aspects of Holocaust history, maps, a Holocaust chronology and a glossary, all aimed at students. Prepared by the British Library.
  • Telling Their Stories: Oral Histories Archives Project, The Urban School of San Francisco. Presents text and video clips of oral history interviews with Holocaust survivors and liberators, as well as Japanese Americans who were incarcerated in relocation camps in Utah and Wyoming during World War II. A project of the Urban School of San Francisco.
  • The Voices of Survivors, Yad Vashem. Throughout our website the voices of the survivors infuse our online exhibitions, historical narratives, teaching units and ceremonies with content and with meaning. We have gathered many of those testimonies in this section where they can be easily accessed by either topic or location. This section will continue to grow as more and more testimonies are added to the website.

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Teaching the Holocaust

  • Why Teach about the Holocaust? United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). How do schools worldwide handle the Holocaust as a subject? In what areas of the world does the Holocaust form part of classroom teaching? Answers to these questions will be provided in late 2013 by a project conducted by UNESCO and the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research. For the first time it will be possible to compare representations of the Holocaust in school textbooks and national curricula. Holocaust Education exemplifies UNESCO’s vision of education as the starting point for building peace and nurturing the principles of dignity, equality and mutual respect of all men and women.
  • Methodological Considerations, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM). As a memorial museum, USHMM recommends grounding the history through the use of a variety of artifacts which are the evidence of what took place during the Holocaust. This approach also aids in meeting state and national teaching standards, which frequently endorse the use of primary sources.The teaching of Holocaust history demands of educators a high level of sensitivity and a keen awareness of the complexity of the subject matter. The following recommendations, while reflecting approaches that would be appropriate for effective teaching in general, are particularly relevant to Holocaust education.
  • Five Guidlines for Teaching about a Genocide, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM). Teachers are strongly encouraged to review the ten Guidelines for Teaching about the Holocaust above. That commentary provides excellent teaching suggestions for the Holocaust and all historical periods. The guidelines below are five additional recommendations which bear special attention for teaching about genocide generally. The term "genocide" did not exist before 1944. It is a very specific term, referring to violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy the existence of the group. Teachers are strongly encouraged to discuss the concept of genocide and its development since World War II as a background and foundation for their investigation of individual or multiple genocidal events. For more information on these topics, visit http://www.ushmm.org/conscience/history/.

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