On this day: June-July 1945

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The Georgia Commission on the Holocaust's educational series On This Day in History provides summaries of historical events as the anniversaries fall on the current calendar. Be sure to follow along on Twitter and Facebook for daily updates and further information like photos, maps, and videos.

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Anne Frank in the World: 1929-1945  Facebook Twitter

World War II has ended. It has been nine months since the eight inhabitants hiding at the Secret Annex were discovered and arrested. Anne’s father, Otto Frank, is the only survivor.



(Photo: Otto Frank (seated center) with the helpers, who also survived the war.© Anne Frank Stichting)

Otto’s business in Amsterdam has been run by his most trusted employees. Despite being sent to camps after being arrested for helping hide the Frank family, Johannes Kleiman and Victor Kugler have survived and returned to work in Amsterdam. Miep Gies has been holding on to Anne’s diary for safe keeping. They are all waiting for news of the people in hiding.

June 3

Miep’s husband, Jan, is working at a center to assist survivors returning to Amsterdam. He asks for news of the Frank family and learns that Otto is on his way back. Jan goes home to tell his wife and the very moment he shares the good news they see Otto pass the window. He rings the bell and when Miep answers, the first thing she asks is about his wife, Edith. “She is not coming back,” he tells her, “but I have hope for the children.”

We looked at each other. There were no words. He was thin, but he’d always been thin. He carried a little bundle. My eyes swam. My heart melted. Suddenly, I was afraid to know more. I didn’t want to know what had happened. I knew I would not ask—Miep Gies

At first Otto stays with Miep and Jan. Otto knows his wife has died, but he does not know that his daughters have died too. He begins searching through records and writes letters inquiring of his daughters’ whereabouts. Miep continues to keep the diary in the drawer of her desk. She is waiting to give it back to Anne herself, something she has been looking forward to very much. He even places an advertisement in the newspaper asking for news about his daughters.

June 12

Anne's sixteenth birthday comes and goes without any news of her whereabouts.

July 18

Otto goes to work at Opekta every day. He is still living with Miep and Jan. Finally, he learns that his daughters are not alive. He meets one of the Brilleslijper sisters who had been at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp with Margot and Anne. She tells Otto that his daughters are dead.

Now that they know the girls will not be returning, Miep opens her desk drawer and gives Anne’s diary to Otto. “Here is your daughter Anne’s legacy to you,” she says.

July 19

After learning that his daughters did not survive, Otto sends a postcard with the news to his family in Switzerland.

Again and again small groups of survivors returned from different concentration camps and I tried to hear something from them about Margot and Anne. I found two sisters who had been with Margot and Anne in Bergen-Belsen. They told me about the final sufferings and the death of my children.

Otto has not yet read Anne's diary. A month will pass before he opens it and begins to read it slowly, only a few pages each day. 

Sources & Related Links

Video: Miep Gies recalls the return of Otto Frank

Survivors returning at Amsterdam Central Station

Otto Frank places an advertisements in the newspaper

After the betrayal and after the war

Anne Frank Guide: Timeline

Otto Frank searches for his daughters

Otto reads Anne's diary

Holocaust Encyclopedia: The Netherlands